Since November 2018, visitors to Barbados have had a wonderful new activity to enjoy – a train ride at St Nicholas Abbey and Cherry Tree Hill on the St. Nicholas Abbey Heritage Railway!
Restoration of the German locomotive has been completed. The route is cleared, rails laid and the train is running.
The round-trip ride starting at St. Nicholas Abbey covers 3km and lasts for approx. 45 minutes, including stops. One of the highlights will be the stop at Cherry Tree Hill with its magnificent views of the Scotland District countryside and eastern coastline.
Like the St. Nicholas Abbey Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/StNicholasAbbey/) for updates on the project.
Did you know that Barbados once had a train service that ran from Bridgetown to Belleplaine (just north of Bathsheba) on the East Coast? The annual Great Train Hike retraces this route.
Delightful Narrative of the Historical Railway
Movie by lifestyles of the artisan – Also published on Instagram IGTV (c) http://irclay.lifestylesoftheartisan.com
A delightful story of the Railway in Barbados and the old steam engine train used in the sugar and rum industry. The old train was much loved by Barbadians of all walks of life. It opened up the East Coast to all Bajans and provided affordable transport to everyone.
Enjoy the views, the stories and the ride on this nostalgic trip back in time!
Origins of the SHAHR Steam Engine
The Steam Engine Locomotive was built in 1914 by Arnold Jung Locomotive Works in Germany. It was formerly used by Ceper Baru Sugar Mill in Central Java, Indonesia. Later, it ended up in the steel and coal industry in the UK. It was rebuild and delivered to Barbados in February 2019.
Narrow Guage Steel Tracks
The tracks are just over half the size of a normal railway, at just 2 foot 6 inches. The normal gauge is 4 foot 8 and 1/2 inches. The rail tracks are made of compound malice steel. The smaller size costs less, uses less land and is easier to maintain. It was popular throughout the British Colonies.
Powered by Steam Fired Wood
Steam is generated from a Wood Fired Boiler on the train. In the old days, the engines used in the sugar industry were fired by Bagasse, a by-product of making sugar and rum from sugar cane.
It is the pulp of the cane after it is ground and the juice is extracted. Bagasse is used at St. Nicholas Abbey to fire the boilers that drive the sugar mills.
The Barbados railway company had an extraordinary hand book of rules. One of the most popular was that the train was instructed to sow down if there were passengers along the track who wanted to get aboard.
There were few stations along the way and the slowdown accommodation allowed passenger to safely get on the train at convenient places along the track. The same passengers would eagerly lend a hand when the engine needed an extra push.
Pushed By Hand
The old railway traveled over some harsh and steep terrain. At times when the train was heavy laden, the vintage steam engine would struggle to make the climb. Passenger had to jump off and push the train.
It was all part of the adventure and those who pushed were happy to have lent a helping hand
Barbados Historic Railway
The old Barbados railway existed for 56 years, from 1881 to 1937. It made the island accessible to all. Many people who lived in Bridgetown had never seen the East Coast. That was a 3-day walk and not many were up to that. The train transformed 3 days of walking into a less that 2 hour scenic ride.
The train started the Sunday picnic which took people to Bathsheba for just a couple of pennies. The picnic is still popular today with local buses replace the old steam engine.
Sharpest & Steepest Incline in its Time
At Conset Point, the train did a hair-raising hairpin turn on a 80-foot gradient. It was the steepest gradient ever built on any railway at the time. It was a spectacular event as the train descended through 80 feet of hand-cut rock through a dark cavern. It emerged into the village of Bath and the cut rock gave way like a curtain to the breathtaking view of the East Coast and its rugged shores and raging surf.
A Significant Fleet
At its height the Barbados Railway fleet included 5 engines. There were 11 passenger cars. There were 10 open cars for goods and 20 sugar tank cars.
It was a sizable investment which became unsustainable as the vessels aged. The rugged terrain took its turn on the tracks which were subject to tides and crashing waves along the craggy coast. Wheel, brakes, rails engines and cars fell into disrepair, The tracks, engines and cars required a lot of maintenance.
Climate and Time Takes it Toll
Barbados climate and salt sea air all played havoc with the business. Freight and passenger traffic steadily declined after the hay days of train rides and Sunday picnics. In 1934 passenger traffic was discontinued in 1934. Goods transport was cut back. In 1937 the railway was officially closed.
Take a step back in time and retrace the historic railway path
– Get on Board the St. Nicholas Abbey Historic Railway Tour
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